District - Bhagalpur
City / Area- Antichak Vllage
How to Reach - 38 km east of Bhagalpur
Circuit – Buddhist / Archaeological
About / Importance – This is the ruins of the Vikramsila university which flourished from 9th century CE till 13th century CE. It was established by the Dharmapala from Pala dynasty. This Buddhist University had more than hundred teachers and above thousand students. Subjects like theology, philosophy, grammar, metaphysics, logic etc. were taught here but the most important branch of learning was tantrism.
A huge square remain of the main double storied stupa with a cruciform structure in its centre, a library building and cluster of votive stupas have been excavated. To the north of monastery a number of scattered structures including a Tibetan and a Hindu temple have been found. The entire spread is over an area of more than hundred acres.
The highly decorated terraces with the mouldings and terracotta plaques testify the excellent and skilful art practices during Pala dynasty.
A structure attached with the monastery is identified as library that was air conditioned by the water of the adjoining lake through the vents, presumably to restore the delicate manuscripts.
View & Feel – Another prime institute of learning like Nalanda fallen prey to the invaders and the ruins stands as the silent witness of the glorious past. The huge pillars broken and carrying the charred black marks tells a lot to the spectator. Once upon a time the connecting passages, the votive stupas, the wide stone step ways bustled with the monks coming from far and wide to learn the theories of Buddhism. It is not difficult to guess the sense of pride felt by those who were connected with such an esteemed institute.
Citizens of India and visitors of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka,
Thailand and Myanmar) - Rs. 5 per head.
US $ 2 or Indian Rs. 100/- per head
(Free entry to children up to 15 years)